Activists demand clean air as Edinburgh air pollution zone to be expanded
Edinburgh Council has announced plans to formally extended its city centre Air Pollution Zone by another 3.5 km to the South and West of the city. This designates an area where air pollution regularly breaks Scottish Air Quality Safety Standards.
Campaigners marked the new area with a photo stunt showing people on their morning commute wearing gas masks and struggling to breathe against a backdrop of a gigantic gas mask banner on Nicolson Street which is in the heart of the newly extended Pollution Zone. , 
Friends of the Earth Scotland air pollution campaigner Emilia Hanna said,
“Toxic traffic fumes right here on Nicolson Street are harming the public’s health. Long-term exposure to this sort of air pollution can increase the risk of having a heart attack or stroke and has been linked with babies being born with low birthweights. Air pollution causes 200 early deaths in Edinburgh alone every year. 
“Nicolson Street is heaving with festival goers as well as commuters at this time of year and it is a scandal that everyone is forced to breathe in illegal air pollution. Nicolson Street needs to be transformed from a toxic thoroughfare into a sustainable transport avenue. Priority should be given to walkers, cyclists and public transport users, and car use should be restricted. The bus lanes on Nicolson Street should be upgraded to be in operation all day rather than just at peak hours. This would create a cleaner, safer, and more attractive environment where everyone could breathe clean air.”
Edinburgh has 5 pollution zones and the city centre pollution zone was first declared in 2000. Edinburgh City Council has so far failed to eradicate illegal levels of air pollution. The Scottish Government also missed a European legal deadline to achieve clean air in Edinburgh by January 2015. Along with the UK Government it has been forced by the Supreme Court to produce a new Air Quality Plan before the end of the year. It is currently drawing up a Low Emission Strategy to tackle the country’s air pollution. 
Ms Hanna continued:
“Road traffic is the main cause of air pollution, so the Council needs to work together with the Scottish Government to get more people walking and cycling and using public transport. It also needs to introduce a Low Emission Zone across the city, where vehicles entering the most polluted areas need to have meet clean emissions standards or pay a fine.”
Notes to Editors
1. Photos of the stunt will be available at the Friends of the Earth Scotland flickr account on Tuesday 25th August at noon: www.flickr.com/photos/friendsoftheearthscotland
2. A meeting of Edinburgh Council’s Transport & Environment Committee was held on Tuesday 25th August in which Councillors were advised “the legal orders formalising the extensions to the City Centre AQMA have been taken forward by officers. As part of the legal process the order will be advertised in the local press.” Page 174, Paragraph 3.11, Transport & Environment Meeting Papers of 25th August: http://www.edinburgh.gov.uk/meetings/meeting/3735/transport_and_environm….
3. A map of the newly extended Pollution Zone can be found at http://www.edinburgh.gov.uk/downloads/download/1522/aqma_extensions_augu… In the South, the Pollution Zone will be extended from the junction at South Bridge/Royal Mile along the Nicolson Street corridor south all the way to Newington, to the junction of Minto Street/ Duncan Street. It now encompasses iconic buildings including the Edinburgh University’s Law School, Festival Theatre, Surgeon’s Hall, and the Queen’s Theatre.
Maps of other air pollution zones: http://www.edinburgh.gov.uk/downloads/download/308/air_quality_managemen…
4. Air pollution is a cause of:
· Lung and respiratory conditions, including asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, and lung cancer: http://www.iarc.fr/en/publications/books/sp161/index.php
· Heart and cardiovascular conditions, including heart attacks, strokes, unstable angina and heart failure http://www.bmj.com/content/348/bmj.f7412
· Government figures show air pollution causes a 200 early deaths every year in Edinburgh. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/estimating-local-mortality-bu… . (see Table 3 for Scottish figures)
5. The Scottish Government’s Low Emission Strategy Consultation can be found at http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/01/3287
6. Donate now to support our work fighting air pollution www.foes.do/clean-air-now
6. Friends of the Earth Scotland is:
* Scotland’s leading environmental campaigning organisation
* An independent Scottish charity with a network of thousands of supporters and active local groups across Scotland
*Part of the largest grassroots environmental network in the world, uniting over 2 million supporters, 75 national member groups, and some 5,000 local activist groups. www.foe-scotland.org.uk