The Workplace Parking Levy should be welcomed by anyone who wants to make sure our air in towns and cities is safe to breathe. The costs to the NHS, and to everyone’s health, of the Government’s continued feet-dragging on air pollution are enormous. The Workplace Parking Levy (WPL), which Councils can choose to implement, can help raise revenue to plough back into public transport in the local area.

The powers around the levy should be as broad as possible to suit the local circumstances. This could mean that Councils can create tailored exemptions, for certain types of workers or in areas where public transport isn’t a feasible option yet. Councils should also listen to calls to extend the idea of the levy to out-of-town shopping centres or other non-residential premises.

If Scotland’s parking levy follows the successful example of Nottingham, it will only apply to businesses with more than 10 parking spaces. It has raised over £50 million so far that has been re-invested in a comprehensive tram network, a smart card scheme, and cycle infrastructure. It’s been a boost to the local economy aswell, with Nottingham outperforming other cities for job creation. Businesses have said the reduced congestion has made deliveries easier, and the tram network has made the city a better place to live, attracting highly-skilled workers.

Could the Workplace Parking Levy help cut air pollution?

Scotland has a public health crisis due to the air pollution that chokes our towns and cities. The vast majority of this toxic air comes from traffic, with pollution generally peaking with rush hour traffic. The WPL recognises the cost of that air pollution on wider society but cleverly puts the funds raised into providing better, cleaner transport alternatives for people.

Scarcely a week goes by without another shocking piece of research showing the damaging effects of vehicle-emission air pollution on our bodies. At levels seen on Scottish streets, pollution is linked to heart attacks and strokes, dementia, low birthweight and delayed development in babies whose mothers have been exposed.

The Levy will enable much-needed investment in public transport that can take hundreds of cars off the roads. This will reduce congestion, improve journey times for buses, and free up space for emergency vehicles and others who need to use the roads.

The UK has the highest incidence of childhood respiratory illness in Europe and record numbers of people died from asthma in England and Wales last year. Experts are pointing to toxic air pollution as a major factor in this mounting problem. Another study in Dundee last year linked spikes in local air pollution levels to increasing hospital admissions.

A Workplace Parking Levy could help make our transport system fairer

Almost one in three people in Scotland don’t have access to a car and we know that bus users are disproportionately lower paid workers or those seeking employment. Funding mechanisms like Workplace Parking Levies that improve the availability and accessibility of public transport will start to address the unfairness of our current transport system.

The other huge win from reducing traffic on our roads will be for our climate. Transport is the largest source of climate pollution in Scotland and has barely changed since 1990. If we want to meet our climate targets, we need to implement ideas like these which improve alternatives to the car.

The costs of driving a car has fallen over the past twenty years, while our understanding of the cost to wider society continues to grow. The WPL is a positive step in the right direction that could give more people the freedom to choose their mode of travel and enjoy their journey to work.

A version of this article appeared in The National on Thursday 7th Feb 2019.

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Gavin Thomson

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2 thoughts on “Workplace Parking levy could save lives and help climate fight”

  1. Allan Jamieson says:

    I don’t believe this is a practical or fair proposal for every workplace. Many not so well paid jobs are in locations which make it impractical (due to cost or the time it would take) to use public transport as an alternative to the car. Shift working patterns also need to be considered; alternatives to car use are not always available. The levy would be another tax on employees they can’t avoid, and it would be a regressive tax (the most unfair kind) as it would be flat-rate, meaning the lower paid would take a higher percentage hit. Perhaps a fairer compromise would be to only charge the levy in larger towns and cities in their central areas, ones which are well served by buses/trains/trams, so that those who find themselves having to pay a parking levy have a feasible alternative. It’s these central urban areas which have the worst problems with air pollutuion.

  2. Gavin Thomson says:

    Thanks very much Allan, for your considered response. We agree that the levy would be best used by central urban areas. As you say, these are the areas with the worst air quality problems. For example, we revealed that in 2018, streets in Dundee, Glasgow, and Edinburgh were breaching legal limits that should have been met nearly ten years ago.
    The levy is designed to be paid by employers, not employees, and shouldn’t be passed on to workers. You raise some valuable points about possible exemptions and considerations. The enabling legislation in England offers local authorities a broad remit on how to design their scheme (see below), including the time of day. We hope this is replicated in the Scottish Government’s amendment, as councils will be set placed to decide how the scheme could work in their area.

    https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2000/38/part/III
    (3)The charges that may be imposed by a licensing scheme under this Part include different charges (which may be no charge) for different cases, including (in particular)—
    (a)different days,
    (b)different times of day,
    (c)different parts of the licensing area,
    (d)different classes of motor vehicles, and
    (e)different numbers of licensed units.


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