We are in the midst of a plastic crisis. Plastic is having a devastating impact on our planet as it pollutes our streets, litters our beaches and directly harms birds and wildlife.

Plastic is also a major contributor to climate change. The more plastic we make, the more greenhouse gas emissions we release into the atmosphere. As long as we continue to make plastic from fossil fuels (which makes up 90% of plastic in the EU) then we will continue to support the oil and gas industry, adding further fuel to the global climate crisis.

In Scotland, the source of the problem is very close to home as petrochemicals manufacturer INEOS in Grangemouth is the largest producer of plastic in the UK, and one of the largest in the EU. While global trade in plastic waste continues to be a big problem, with many people in the Global South suffering as we continue to export our plastic waste across the world.

Making progress

The good news is that the public is starting to push back with many people turning their back against the wasteful use of plastic, with inspiring communities campaigning against plastic and plastic free shops opening up all over Scotland.

The Scottish Government has already made some commitments to tackling the problem. It has already banned plastic-stemmed cotton buds, and has committed to increasing the minimum charge for single-use carrier bags from 5p to 10p in 2021 and introducing a Deposit Return Scheme for bottles and cans in 2022. 

The Government also just finished consulting on plans to ban items under the Single-Use Plastics Directive including single-use plastic cutlery, plates, straws (with exemptions for medical use and to support independent living), beverage stirrers, balloon sticks, food containers and cups made of expanded polystyrene and all oxo-degradable plastic products.

Plenty of work still to do

Plastic is everywhere you look so there is still a huge amount of work to be done. In particular, the coronavirus pandemic has highlighted a new wave of problematic items like disposable masks and gloves which are polluting our environment.

The next logical step is for Scotland to move towards a circular economy where products are designed to last as long as possible, are easy to repair, and made out of materials that can be recycled. It’s also estimated that moving to a circular economy would help us tackle the climate emergency by saving 11 million tonnes of carbon emissions by 2050.

The Scottish Government had committed to introducing a Circular Economy Bill in 2020. However, the Bill along with several others were cancelled in light of coronavirus and we’re now working on ways to get the Scottish Government to recommit to introducing the Bill as soon as possible. 

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Credit: Chris Jordan

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What is a circular economy?

(Government-wide Programme for a Circular Economy, Netherlands, 2016)

As consumption around the world continues to increase, there is more pressure than ever on the earth’s decreasing resources. That’s why we urgently need to transform the way we consume and manage resources in Scotland.

Learn more

Why incineration is not the answer?

Incineration capacity in Scotland is set to increase to burn at least an extra one million tonnes of waste a year which raises serious environmental concerns and creates a barrier to moving to a circular economy.

Find out more